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Andrea Bertolini


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Andrea Bertolini is an assistant professor of private law at the Dirpolis Institute of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in Pisa (SSSA) and adjunct professor in private law at the University of Pisa Department of Economics and Business. His research heavily rests on a comparative and law and economics approach. Since 2015, he is the coordinator of a project aimed at developing new liability models for advanced bionic limbs and exoskeletons (‘RELIABLE’), financed by the Italian Ministry of Research, and of a Jean Monnet Module entitled ‘Europe Regulates Robotics’, offering a wide range of graduate and Ph.D courses in law and robotics. Dr Bertolini holds undergraduate degrees in law from SSSA and the University of Pisa, a Ph.D in private law from SSSA, as well as a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from Yale Law School. Dr Bertolini is an attorney licensed to practice in Italy and New York.



After a successful 2016 first edition, our next summer school cohort on The Regulation of Robotics in Europe: Legal, Ethical and Economic Implications will take place in Pisa at the Scuola Sant’Anna, from 3- 8 July.

Robots are the technology of the future. But the current legal system is incapable of handling them. This generic statement is often the premise for considerations about the possibility of awarding rights (and liabilities) to these machines at some, less-than clearly identified, point in time. Discussing the adequacy of existing regulation in accommodating new technologies is certainly necessary, but the ontological approach is incorrect. Andrea Bertolini explains.

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The issue is often raised whether robotics needs to be regulated. While some believe that there is no need to intervene because regulation may stifle innovation, others believe that indeed there is need to intervene since robotics may otherwise prove disruptive. However, both arguments are partial, and for this very reason wrong. Thanks to existing laws, a robot (like any other physical phenomenon) is already instantly regulated in the very moment materializes .