Arend is an Assistant Professor of Integrative Biology & Computer Science and Engineering, at Michigan State University. At the Hintzelab we are researching the evolution of natural and artificial intelligence. We use computational modeling to understand what environments and evolutionary pressures give rise to intelligence, and how cognitive mechanisms evolved. At the same time we want to bring about Artificial Intelligence by the means of evolution. The idea is that conventional approaches in software design will ultimately be limited to our understanding of the human brain, and we simply don’t want to wait until cognitive- and neuro-science figured “it” out, but instead use the one process that already made cognitive entities: evolution!