We visited iREX 2015 last week at the Tokyo Big Sight. It was great to be in robotland and to be immersed in Japan’s point of view on robotics. Some well-known collaborative robot manufacturers are now very familiar with this show and use it to unveil their new cobots to the general public. Here’s what we what learned from the show.
Yaskawa HC10 — Motoman/Yaskawa unveiled a brand new robot, which seems to have the same principle as the Green Fanuc: it’s an OEM industrial robot covered with a rubber skin (blue this time) to eliminate pinch points and sharp edges. As I understand it, the difference between their concept and Fanuc’s is that the Yaskawa robot monitors force in each joint, whereas Fanuc measures it at the base of the robot. Yaskawa also showed its new YRC 1000 controller, which is used to control the new robot. the HC10 is due for release next year.
Other Green Fanucs — Talking about Fanuc, they released a complete line of collaborative robots: CR-4iA, CR-7iA and CR-7iA/L, in addition to the existing CR-35iA. What I understand is that they are using the exact same principle, but scaled down a bit for the different models. So a soft cover, force-torque sensor at the base of the robot and the regular programming method. I guess they had a good response with their first model and wanted to re-use it. In any case, it is a good concept and does not require a totally new robot… so why not use it again. All robots are offered with vision and force torque sensing.
ABB Roberta dressed in white — It has been a while since we saw Roberta. Do you remember the purchase of Gomtec by ABB? This was the first time we saw Roberta with its new look. In fact, the robot is now part of the YuMi family. The team has been working on porting the robot into the ABB architecture, so it would make sense that software and mechanical devices had to be adapted to run like an ABB unit, while keeping all the interesting stuff that Gomtec had developed in the past. To be honest it looks quite good (especially in white). The hardware of the robot is flawless and the sensor at its wrist makes control nice and easy. I don’t have any info on the official release date. ABB was also showing the original 2-armed YuMi. PS: No offence, but I am pretty stoked to see Roberta in a legit marketing campaign and not just as a flowery backdrop.
Kawasaki duAro — Kawasaki presented its new addition: the dual arm scara robot, duAro. The robot is a great fit for electronic assembly where most motions are planar. The robot is designed to be collaborative. In electronic assembly lines where a lot of dexterity (i.e. human workers) is needed, it is just normal to power- and force-limit these devices. The robot was announced last summer.
Life Robotics CORO — This is a new Japanese company that expects to begin selling robots next year. What’s innovative is that the robot seems to have one retractable segment to increase its reach. Initially, the robots will only be sold in Japan. Original use of prismatics makes this robot’s footprint very compact. They have been pretty secretive about pricing, which makes me suspect they will offer it at a really affordable price.
TM Robotics (subdivision of Quanta Storage, maker of the Apple mac book) — A company that comes from the IT industry will certainly give you an easy-to-use, totally integrated solution, and this is what is happening here. The robot is smart, simple and safe, and it has integrated vision, integrated wifi and uses a tablet as its teach pendant. The Taiwanese robot is supposed to be released next year. This is going to be an interesting one to follow.
As you can see, the offerings for collaborative robots are increasing rapidly. All the big robot manufacturers are coming up with not just one collaborative robot, but entire product lines of them. This could be a game changer for collaborative robotics, and help move it from a niche, innovative market space into the mainstream for manufacturing companies.
I wonder how the new ISO TS 15066 standard for collaborative robot safety will affect the growth and evolution of these new products? Will we all have to go back to the drawing board and adjust our product design, or have we built enough safety into collaborative robots already?
And lastly, how will these new product lines affect the market for end effectors? Pneumatics are not often seen on collaborative robots — will this stimulate demand for electric end effectors or other technologies?